Brussels sprouts are a great addition to any garden. Not only are they delicious, but they are also packed with nutrients. However, growing brussels sprouts can be a bit tricky. One way to ensure a successful harvest is through companion planting. Companion planting is the practice of planting different crops together so that they benefit each other. In this article, we will discuss the benefits of companion planting brussels sprouts, as well as the best plants to pair them with.
The Benefits of Companion Planting Brussels Sprouts
Companion planting has been used for centuries by farmers and gardeners alike. By planting compatible crops together, you can improve soil health, increase yields, deter pests, and even enhance flavor. When it comes to brussels sprouts, companion planting is especially important because they are susceptible to certain pests and diseases.
One of the biggest benefits of companion planting brussels sprouts is pest control. Brussels sprouts are often attacked by aphids, cabbage worms, and cabbage loopers. By planting certain plants nearby, you can naturally repel these pests. For example, planting marigolds, nasturtiums, or borage near your brussels sprouts can help deter aphids. Planting garlic, onion, or chives can help keep cabbage worms and loopers at bay.
In addition to pest control, companion planting can also help improve soil health. Certain plants have the ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, which is essential for healthy plant growth. Legumes, such as peas or beans, are great nitrogen fixers. Planting them near your brussels sprouts can help improve soil fertility and increase yields.
The Best Companion Plants for Brussels Sprouts
Now that you know the benefits of companion planting, let’s discuss the best plants to pair with your brussels sprouts:
1. Peas and Beans
As mentioned earlier, peas and beans are great nitrogen fixers. Planting them near your brussels sprouts can help improve soil fertility and increase yields. Additionally, peas and beans are cool-season crops, which means they can be planted at the same time as your brussels sprouts.
Marigolds are a great companion plant for brussels sprouts because they can help deter aphids. Additionally, marigolds have a strong scent that can help repel other pests, such as whiteflies and nematodes. Plant marigolds near your brussels sprouts to help protect them from pests.
Like marigolds, nasturtiums can help deter aphids. However, they also have the added benefit of attracting beneficial insects, such as ladybugs and lacewings. These insects can help control other pests in your garden, such as spider mites and thrips.
Borage is another plant that can help deter aphids. However, it also has the added benefit of attracting bees and other pollinators to your garden. This can help improve pollination and increase yields.
5. Garlic, Onion, and Chives
Garlic, onion, and chives are all members of the allium family. They contain compounds that can help repel cabbage worms and loopers. Planting them near your brussels sprouts can help protect them from these pests.
Companion planting brussels sprouts can be a great way to improve soil health, increase yields, and deter pests. By planting compatible crops together, you can create a healthy ecosystem in your garden. When it comes to brussels sprouts, peas and beans, marigolds, nasturtiums, borage, and alliums are all great companion plants. Try planting them near your brussels sprouts this season and see the difference it can make!