Coriander, also known as cilantro or Chinese parsley, is a versatile herb that adds flavor and aroma to many dishes. While coriander leaves are commonly used in cooking, coriander seeds are also a valuable ingredient that offer numerous health benefits.
If you’re interested in growing your own coriander, you’ll need to start with high-quality coriander seeds. In this article, we’ll explore everything you need to know about coriander seeds for planting.
What are Coriander Seeds?
Coriander seeds come from the coriander plant, which is a member of the parsley family. The seeds are small, round, and brownish-yellow in color, and have a warm, nutty flavor.
Coriander seeds are commonly used in Indian cuisine, where they are often toasted before being ground into a powder. They are also used in pickling, sausage-making, and as a spice in many dishes.
Where to Buy Coriander Seeds for Planting
If you’re interested in growing your own coriander, you’ll need to start with high-quality coriander seeds. You can find coriander seeds for planting at most garden centers, nurseries, and online seed retailers.
When buying coriander seeds for planting, look for seeds that are fresh and plump. Avoid seeds that are discolored or shriveled, as they may not germinate properly.
When to Plant Coriander Seeds
Coriander seeds are best planted in the spring or fall, when the weather is cool and the soil is moist. In warmer climates, coriander can be grown year-round.
Before planting coriander seeds, prepare the soil by removing any weeds and adding organic matter. Coriander seeds prefer well-drained soil that is rich in nutrients.
Plant the coriander seeds about 1/4 inch deep and 6 inches apart. Water the seeds well and keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
How to Care for Coriander Plants
Coriander plants require regular watering and fertilization to thrive. Water the plants when the soil feels dry to the touch, and fertilize them every 4-6 weeks with a balanced fertilizer.
Coriander plants can be sensitive to heat and drought, so be sure to keep them well-watered and provide them with some shade during the hottest part of the day.
Coriander plants are also prone to bolting, which is when they produce flowers and seeds prematurely. To prevent bolting, harvest the leaves regularly and keep the plants well-fed and watered.
How to Harvest Coriander Seeds
Coriander seeds are typically harvested in the fall, when the plants have produced flowers and the seeds have ripened. To harvest the seeds, cut off the seed heads and hang them upside down in a warm, dry place until they are fully dry.
Once the seeds are dry, remove them from the seed heads and store them in an airtight container in a cool, dry place. Coriander seeds can be stored for up to a year.
The Health Benefits of Coriander Seeds
Coriander seeds offer numerous health benefits. They are a good source of dietary fiber, antioxidants, and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium.
Coriander seeds are also believed to have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties, and may help lower cholesterol levels and improve digestion.
Coriander seeds are a valuable ingredient that offer numerous health benefits. If you’re interested in growing your own coriander, be sure to start with high-quality seeds and provide your plants with regular care and attention.
1. Can I plant coriander seeds indoors?
Yes, coriander seeds can be planted indoors in pots or containers. Be sure to choose a sunny location and provide your plants with regular watering and fertilization.
2. Can I use coriander seeds from the grocery store for planting?
While you can use coriander seeds from the grocery store for planting, it’s best to choose seeds that are specifically sold for planting to ensure the highest quality and germination rate.
3. How long does it take for coriander seeds to germinate?
Coriander seeds typically germinate within 7-10 days, but may take up to 3 weeks depending on growing conditions.
4. Can I eat coriander seeds?
Yes, coriander seeds are safe to eat and are commonly used as a spice in many dishes.
5. Can I freeze coriander seeds?
Yes, coriander seeds can be frozen for up to 6 months in an airtight container. Thaw the seeds before using them in cooking.